If stevia exists for 2000 years and is used for a long time in Paraguay by Guarani Indians, it is subject of scientific studies for a little bit more than a century due to a remarkable property: stevia has an extraordinary sugar power without sugar disadvantages (weight-gain, diabetes, obesity, decays, etc.). It has been recently selected by powerful agro-food groups as Coca-Cola, Pepsi Cola, Danone, Yoplait and others to replace aspartame and sucrose. We can legally buy stevia in France since the inter-ministerial decree of September 6th 2009 authorizing its use and its sales. This authorization should be expanded to Europe in the upcoming months. This recent interest causes a constantly growing demand on which surfaces already cultivated in Latin America and Asia can’t answer. It becomes urgent and essential to implant new farmings.